Exploring the Different Types of Dermal Fillers and Their Uses in Aesthetic Medicine

Dermal fillers have risen in popularity in the last few years as an excellent solution for those looking to smooth out fine lines and wrinkles, add volume to their skin, and experience a more youthful appearance. The growing demand for cosmetic procedures using dermal fillers can be attributed to the ease of application, long-lasting results and minimal recovery times.
If you’re considering dermal fillers, it’s essential to understand the different types and how they can achieve different outcomes. In this blog post, we’ll explore the different types of dermal fillers and their potential uses in aesthetic medicine.

1. Hyaluronic Acid (HA) Fillers:

Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance found in the human body. Popular brands of hyaluronic acid dermal filler include Belotero, Teoxane, Juvederm, Neuvia, and many more. Read more on: Belotero Fillers is my choice.

HA fillers are widely used to treat wrinkles and restore lost volume to the skin. They are a popular choice among doctors because they have a low incidence of allergic reactions, are reversible and smooth out wrinkles and lines with exceptional precision. The hyaluronic acid filler is most commonly used for filling out the lips, erasing smile lines or nasolabial folds, adding volume to the cheeks and even reducing dark circles under the eyes.

2. Calcium Hydroxyapatite (CaHA) Fillers:

Calcium Hydroxyapatite (Radiesse, Radiesse PLUS) is used for deeper wrinkles and is a well-known filler material for skull reconstruction and dental implants. CaHA dermal fillers are composed of fine microspheres suspended in a gel-like substance. When injected into the skin, the gel provides immediate volume, while the microspheres stimulate collagen production, providing longer-lasting results. CaHA fillers are a great option to treat moderate to severe wrinkles, and the results can last up to 12 months.
Radiesse: Mode of Action

3. Polylactic Acid (PLLA) Fillers:

Polylactic acid is a biodegradable, synthetic substance that stimulates the body’s natural collagen production mechanism. Sculptra is a popular brand of dermal filler containing Polylactiv acid. When administered to the skin, PLLA fills the losses caused by the depletion of collagen and aids in collagen production. The results from PLLA fillers are gradual and may take a few months to appear. They are suitable for filling out deep wrinkles and fine lines, particularly around the nose and mouth. PLLA fillers are a great choice if you’re looking for long-term, natural-looking results that can last up to two years without needing reapplication.

4. Polydioxanone (PDLA) Fillers:

Polydioxanone is a resorbable polymer or sugar structure that helps stimulate the natural collagen formation mechanism in the skin. Aesthefil is a popular brand of dermal fillers using PDLA from Korea. PDLA can be used to treat fine lines and wrinkles on the face and neck. The results of PDLA are typically seen after six months and can last up to 1-2 years.

5. Poly-Caprolactone (PCL) Fillers:

Poly-caprolactone is a biodegradable polymer. Like PLLA, it stimulates the body’s natural collagen production mechanism and is commonly used for the treatment of deeper folds and wrinkles like nasolabial folds, marionette lines, and acne scars. The results of PCL fillers can last up to two years. 

Which Dermal Filler Is Right for You?

The choice of dermal filler will depend on the patient’s specific needs and the area being treated. When deciding, there are several factors to consider, such as the length of the results, the cost and the risks involved. Dermal filler treatments are relatively safe and carry few risks, but some possible side effects of treatment include swelling, redness, and bruising. Discussing the options with your doctor and choosing a filler specific to your skin type, the desired outcome, and the risks involved is essential.
In summary, Dermal fillers are a fantastic non-invasive solution to ageing skin and can provide excellent results for those looking to reduce wrinkles, fine lines, and skin volume loss. The different types of dermal fillers available offer patients various options for their specific needs and can help them get a more youthful look. With a proper understanding of the available fillers, the risks and rewards of each, and the expectations of treatment, it can be easy to find the right filler to achieve the best aesthetic result. Remember that dermal filler are not permanent and require maintenance, but with the right treatment, results last for months or usually years. Consult with a board-certified Aesthetic Doctor who is experienced in injectables for the best results.